法庭程序

桃县地方法院处理15000美元以下的索赔. 它也被称为小额索赔法庭. 任何人可在有或没有律师的情况下向裁判法院提出申索. You may have an attorney represent you if you choose; this would be at your own expense. 法院不为民事案件指派律师. 个人或企业都可能被起诉. 有关起诉企业的信息,请参阅“起诉还是不起诉”一节.

  • 以下是一些向裁判官法庭提出的典型诉讼:

  • Mr. 史密斯从当地一家商店买了一台电视机. 下个星期,电视机就坏了. 商店既不给他新的,也不退钱.

  • Ms. 琼斯搬进公寓时付了保证金. 尽管她遵守了租约,没有损坏公寓, 她的房东不愿退还押金.

  • Mr. 詹姆斯被解雇了. 他声称公司欠他一个星期的工资. 公司不会付钱给他.

在每个例子中,一个人都可以提起诉讼并要求金钱赔偿.

告还是不告?

第一步是决定是否起诉. 记住,你必须证明你起诉的人或企业欠你一些东西. Do you have some proof of the debt such as a receipt, note, bill of sale, warranty or a witness? 在决定起诉时,要考虑你是否有证据. In addition, if you sue an individual, the defendant must be a resident of 桃县. 如果你起诉一家公司, the business must be in 桃县 or the registered agent for the corporation must be located in 桃县. If you sue a sole proprietor of a business, the sole proprietor must be a resident of 桃县. 法院或书记员不能建议你起诉谁,或者你是否有一个好的索赔.

如何提交小额申索个案

开始申请小额索赔案件的程序, 你必须先填写一份索赔声明表. 在这张表格上, 你要写上你要起诉的个人或公司的名字和地址, 说明你要起诉的确切金额,并解释你为什么要起诉.

你可以为自己辩护, 担任贵公司的代理, 如果你是未成年人的监护人,你也可以代表未成年人起诉. 然而,如果你不是律师,你就不能代表别人. In addition, you must put your name, mailing address, and telephone number on the claim form. This is important because the court will use this address to send you notice of the date and time when your case will be heard by the Magistrate if an answer is filed by the defendant. 如果法庭找不到你,你的案子将被驳回.

In order for the court to pass judgment in your case, you have to sue the correct entity (i.e.,个人,公司). 你起诉的人被称为“被告”."

If the defendant owns a business which is not incorporated and your claim is against the business, 你可以在房主居住的地方起诉, 无论业务位于何处(1).e.,约翰·多伊(约翰杂货店). 

如果被告是一家公司, 你必须起诉公司而不是为公司工作的人. 还记得, you must sue a corporation in the county where it is doing business or where it is incorporated. 你也可以起诉注册代理人所在县的公司. (注册代理人是公司应受服务的一方). To verify if a business is incorporated and to obtain the registered agent's name and address for the corporation, 请致电404-656-2817与公司的国务秘书上市办公室联系.

在哪里存档

You may personally file or mail the claim form to the 地方法院 of 桃县, 位于云杉街700号, 翼一, 谷堡. Claims against defendants residing outside the state of Georgia are usually filed in the state where the defendant is located. 关于这些案件,你应该咨询律师.

致被告通知书

The 治安官办公室 will serve the defendant with a copy of the complaint and summons that has been filed. 文件将告知被告你的诉讼性质. The defendant has thirty (30) days from the date that he or she was served with the complaint in which to answer the complaint. 如果被告未在30天内提交答辩书, law does permit the defendant an additional 15 days in which he/she can file an answer (totaling 45 days). Each defendant must pay costs which total the same costs the plaintiff paid when filing the complaint. 如果在服务后的第31天到45天之间打开默认值. 如果被告应诉, 法院将通过美国的常规信函通知所有当事人及其律师开庭日期.S. 邮件.  You may also call the court and ask about your trial date several days after filing an answer.

反诉

被告被允许对原告提出反诉. 如果被告提出这样的主张,必须在提交的答辩状中说明. 答辩书/反申索书副本将邮寄给原告. 在实际的法庭听证之前,原告不必回答反诉. 如果被告的反诉要求超过15元,000美元的实际损害赔偿, 案件可以移送上级法院审理.

准备聆讯

虽然治安法院是人民法院, 在提交案件时仍然适用证据规则. 法庭不会接受被认为是“道听途说”的宣誓书或信件." The judges or clerk of this court cannot tell you how to try your case; however, 办事员可以帮助你准备文书工作. 在等待审判期间, 你应该把所有的文件(收据)收好, 修理费用, 保证, 等等),让他们准备好. 如果你有证人,你应该通知他们你的开庭日期. Should a witness refuse to come to court, you may request a subpoena for his or her appearance. 要做到这一点, you must go to the 地方法院 and give the Court the name and address of your witness or witnesses.

庭外和解

The legislature requires the court (judge) to have the parties attempt to negotiate a settlement one more time before the hearing. If a settlement is reached in your case, the terms of the agreement should be put in writing. 如果你和解了你的案子并且被告愿意付你周薪, 两周一次或每月一次,这种安排是可以接受的, 你应该向法院要一份同意判决书. This form will enable you to put the terms of the agreement in writing with both parties' signatures and the judge's signature. 如果被告不工作, 有钱或有资产, 你可能无法收集你的判断. 法院不能强迫被告支付所欠的款项!

听力

民事审判每周进行一次. 审判在治安法庭的审判室进行. 带着所有必要的证据和证人准时出庭是很重要的. 如果你迟到了,或者你没有出现,你可能会自动失去你的案子. 你的证词通常对证明你的案子至关重要.

之后,法院调用日历并确定每个案件的长度, the parties are excused for a few minutes to attempt to negotiate a settlement before the judge hears the case. 你们应该认真努力达成和解. 记住,你是最熟悉你的案子的人,而不是法官. It would be more productive to reach a settlement of your own rather than the judge make a decision that is not in your favor.

The plaintiff has the burden of proving to the court the liability of the defendant and the amount of damages claimed. 因此, 原告将有第一次机会陈述他或她的案件, 也不能出示任何证据或证人. 在每个原告证人都作证之后, 被告可以向证人询问有关其证词的任何问题. 在原告陈述他或她的案件之后, 然后被告可以提出证据和证词来支持他/她的案件. The plaintiff may also ask the defendant and his witnesses questions relative the their testimony.

还记得, you must ask questions and not make statements or be argumentative even if you do not agree with the testimony! 在所有的证据都展示出来之后, 法院将考虑所有相关证据并作出裁决. 一旦法官做出判决, 书记员将以书面形式准备判决书, 法官会在判决书上签字,你会收到一份判决书的复印件.

违约的判断

If the defendant does not answer the complaint within 45 days from the date of service and the damages are liquidated (i.e, note, account), a judgment may be rendered without having the parties appear in court. 这在桃县不会自动完成,但必须以书面形式提出要求. 如果法庭安排了听证会,而被告没有出庭, 原告可能自动得到判决. 在这两种情况下,这都被称为默认判断. 如果原告收到缺席判决, it is usually for the full amount of the suit plus the court cost paid to initiate the action. 如果索赔是针对未定损害赔偿(即.e., 汽车事故), the plaintiff will have to prove the amount of damages in court to receive a default judgment.

收集判决

在许多情况下,收集判决比在法庭上证明案件更难. 法院不会为你收取判决. 如果你收到判决,而你没有自愿得到报酬, there are several methods of collection the law provides (provided that the party is not indigent). Upon receiving a judgment from the court, the following methods of collection are available to you.

你可要求法院发出扣押财产证明书(fifa). The fifa (proof of your judgment) once issued places a lien against the losing party and any property he/she may own. 在总执行记录簿上签发和记录国际足联是要收费的. 你也可以采取国际足联,并有它记录在任何县在格鲁吉亚. If you need to record the fifa outside the state of Georgia, you should consult an attorney.

你可以申请扣押工资或银行账户. Garnishments filed against wages are filed in the county where the defendant is employed. Garnishments filed against a bank account should be filed in the county where the bank is located.
你也可以通过治安官办公室对不动产和个人财产征税. 这个过程通过请求一个fifa开始. 警长将要求国际足联对任何个人财产征税. 你也应该联系警长办公室了解费用和预约时间. If you want to levy against real property, you should contact an attorney for the procedure.
You may also elect to turn your judgment over to an attorney or collection agency for collection.

重要的事情要记住

  • 如果你卷入了一场小额索赔诉讼,而你的地址发生了变化, 你应该书面通知法院你的新地址. 法院会通过普通邮件通知你聆讯的日期. 地方法院是为你自己辩护而设的. 然而,你可以选择聘请一名律师代表你. 一旦确定了开庭日期,就会根据个人的优点批准延期.
  • 正确的一方被起诉是非常重要的. 如果对起诉谁有任何疑问,你应该咨询律师.
  • 法院不能就起诉谁提出建议. 法院可以协助将必要的表格归档.
  • 法院不能强迫败诉方付款. 请记住,你可能无法收取判决.
  • 最后, it is important to remember that you have been given basic information for suing in the 地方法院. Some cases require more detailed instructions and preparation than what you may have read. If you have any questions that do not require legal advice, the office will be happy to assist you. 办公室的开放时间是周一到周五,早上8点到8点.m. 到5点.m.